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APA Citation Guide

What is APA?

APA Citation Style, created by American Psychological Association, is a style for formatting your paper and recording the sources you used during your research. 

Why do I need it?
It is a requirement for some subjects, like Nursing, or Psychology. 

How do I use it?
Browse this website for examples of formatting your paper, recording in-text citations, and creating a reference list. Follow the links where available, or make an appointment with a (free) tutor for more detailed instruction.  

Note: It is important to give credit to the authors and sources from where you get your ideas. To not give credit is considered plagiarism. Click on the link below to understand what plagiarism is and how to avoid it. Talk to your instructor if you are still unsure.

Important terms to remember

Paraphrased vs. direct quote: To paraphrase means to take someone's idea or words and put them into your own words. A direct quote is when you take someone's idea word for word. Put direct quotes in quotation marks. Do not put paraphrased information in quotation marks. Place an in-text citation after a paraphrase and a direct quote. 

In-text citations: the brief source information that you place immediately after a direct quote or a paraphrased idea. 

Reference List: The full bibliographic citation for the sources you have used in your paper. Every in-text citation must have a corresponding reference entry. Hint* Create a full bibliographic entry at the same time as your in-text citation. This will save you a lot of time at the end of your paper. 

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