You have your quote and you have your source, but there is a problem. You don't have some of the information you need for a complete citation. Don't worry because there is a solution. Remember, no matter what, put in as much information as you have about your citation.
Every piece of information has its place in the citation. When a piece is missing, you have a few options.
: Place the title in the Author's position. Continue the citation as normal.
Example: "Article Title." Journal Title. Date of Publication. Medium of Publication. (if web: Date of Access)
: Use the place holder N.d. to indicate no date.
Example: Author. Title of Book. Place: Publisher, n.d. Medium of Publication
: Use the place holder n.p. to indicate no place
Example: Author. Title of Book. N.p.: Publisher, date. Medium of Publication
: Use the place holder n.p. to indicate no publisher.
Example: Author. Title of Book. Place: n.p., date. Medium of Publication
Combine these tips when multiple pieces of information are missing.
You may find a great resource and quote or paraphrase a piece of information from it. However, your joy starts to crash when you see that there is a date/publisher missing and you cannot complete your citation as usual. Don’t worry, there is a solution for that. An essential key of citing is putting in as much information as possible about the source.
move the title into the author’s position and follow the rest of the citation in the correct order.
Example: "Where Angels no Longer Fear to Tread." Economist, 22 Mar. 2008, pp. 89-92.
skip this step, instead add the date you accessed the resource at the end of citation (e.g. Accessed 20 Aug 2017).
Example: Clear, James. "Procrastination: A Scientific Guide on How to Stop Procrastinating". James Clear, http://jamesclear.com/procrastination. Acessed 6 Jun 2017
Place of Publication is Missing: If you used a local newspaper, add the city of publication in square brackets
Example: Daily Herald Tribune [Grande Prairie]
Publisher is Missing: omit this information from entry.
Example: Lapointe, Annette. Stolen. 2006.
skip this step and continue in a regular manner.
Example: McEvoy, Dermot. “Little Books, Big Success.” Publishers Weekly, 30 Oct. 2006.
If you have any missing information, skip the missing information and continue your citations as normal, remember to check the general template for MLA 8th edition.