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MLA Citation Guide

Works Cited List Examples

Formatting the Works Cited page requires a 'hanging indent'. Check out the Works Cited tab on Formatting my Paper for more information.

 

Article (Template)

Author's last name, first name. "Title of Article." Journal Title volume.issue (year): page range. Medium of publication (Print, Web, DVD, etc). <URL>. Accessed date as Day Month Year.

Note: URLs are not required for this type of citation. However, if they are required for the assignment then add it in angle brackets < > followed by a period. 

Print Article

Tolson, Nancy. "Making Books Available: The Role of Early Libraries, Librarians, and Booksellers in the Promotion of African American Children's Literature." African American Review 32.1 (1998). Print.

Online Article

Ouellett, Marc. "Theories, Memories, Bodies, and Artists." Editorial. Reconstruction 7.4 (2007): n. pag. Web. 5 June 2008. <http://www.academia.edu/4414504/7.4_Theories_memories_bodies_and_artists>.

 

Unknown Author
"Where Angels no Longer Fear to Tread." Economist 22 Mar. 2008: 89-92. Print

The in-text citation for this is: ("Where Angels" 90). 

Formatting the Works Cited page requires a 'hanging indent'. Check out the Works Cited tab on Formatting my Paper for more information.

Book (Template)

Author last name, first name. Title of Book. Location: Publisher, year. Medium of publication (Print, Web) 

Single Author

Rowling, J. K. Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire. New York: Levine-Scholastic, 2000. Print

Two to Three Authors

Booth, Wayne C., Gregory G. Colomb, and Joseph M. Williams. The Craft of Research. 2nd ed. Chicago: U of Chicago Press, 2003. Print.

Four or More Authors

Plag, Ingo, et al. Introduction to English Linguistics. Berlin: Mouton, 2007. Print 

OR

Plag, Ingo, Maria Braun, Sabine Lappe, and Mareile Schramm. Introduction to English Linguistics. Berlin: Mouton, 2007. Print. 

No Author

American Heritage Guide to Contemporary Usage and Style. Boston: Houghton, 2005. Print.

Chapter in an Edited Book

Willson, Robert F., Jr. "William Shakespeares Theater." The Greenwood Companion to Shakespeare: A Comprehensive Guide for Students. Ed. Joseph Rosenblum. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 2005. 47-64. Print.

Electronic books (e-books)

Rowley, Hazel. Franklin and Eleanor: An Extraordinary Marriage. New York: Farrar, 2010. Kindle File. 

Note that page numbers for e-books can change between formats. Instead of a page number, indicate the location with the chapter or section number if available. 

Example (Rowley, ch. 2). See section 7.4 of the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers for more information.

A website is a collection of linked content which is distributed over individual web pages. A web page is a document that holds specific content on a website such as text, articles, and posts.

Online Resource (Template)

Author last name, first name. "Title of Web Page or Article.' Title of Website or Journal. Publisher/Sponsor if known. Date of publication day month year. Medium of publication. Date accessed day month year. <www.URL.com>

Entire Website

Internet Weather Source. National Weather Service. 25 May 2006. Web. 21 Dec. 2006. 

Tab on Website

Quade, Alex. "Elite Team Rescues Troops behind Enemy Lines." CNN.com. Cable News Network, 10 Mar. 2007. Web. 15 May 2008. 

Formatting the Works Cited page requires a 'hanging indent'. Check out the Works Cited tab on Formatting my Paper for more information.
Formatting the Works Cited page requires a 'hanging indent'. Check out the Works Cited tab on Formatting my Paper for more information.

Film

Like Water for Chocolate [Como agua para chocolate]. Screenplay by Laura Esquivel. Dir. Alfonso Arau. Perf. Lumi Cavazos, Marco Lombardi, and Regina Torne. Mirarmax, 1993. Film. 

*Note: Dir. = Director. Perf. = Performed. 

T.V. Episode (Template)

"Title of the Episode." Narrator (if any). Title of Program. Name of Network (if any). Call letters and city of the local station (if any), Broadcast date. Medium of reception (e.g. Radio, Television). 

T.V Episode

"The Phantom of Corleone." Narr. Steve Kroft. Sixty Minutes. CBC. WCBS, New York, 10 Dec. 2006. Television. 

Online Video

Shimabukuro, Jake. "Ukulele Weeps by Jake Shumabukuro." Online video clip. YouTube. YouTube, 22 Apr. 2006. Web. 9 Sept. 2010

Formatting the Works Cited page requires a 'hanging indent'. Check out the Works Cited tab on Formatting my Paper for more information.

Entire Albums

Holiday, Billie. The Essence of Billie Holiday. Columbia, 1991. CD. 

Individual Songs

Holiday, Billie. "God Bless the Child." Rec. 9 May 1941. The Essence of Billie Holiday. Columbia, 1991. CD. 

Spoken Word Recording

Wilgus, D. K. Southern Folk Tales. Rec. 23-24 Mar. 1965. Audiotape. Archives of Folklore, U of California, Los Angeles. B.76.82.

Musical Composition

Donizetti, Gaetano. Don Pasquale, An Opera in Three Acts with Italian-English Text. 1842. New York: Belwin, 1969. Print. Kalmus Vocal Scores

Performance

Heartbreak House. By George Bernard Shaw. Dir. Robin Lefevre. Perf. Philip Bosco and Swoosie Kurtz. Roundabout Theatre Company. Amer. Airlines Theatre, New York. 1 Oct. 2006. Performance.  

Formatting the Works Cited page requires a 'hanging indent'. Check out the Works Cited tab on Formatting my Paper for more information.

Magazine

McEvoy, Dermot. "Little Books, Big Success." Publishers Weekly 30 Oct. 2006: 26-28. Print.

Newspaper

Haughney, Christine. "Women Unafraid of Condo Commitment." New York Times 10 Dec. 2006, late ed., sec. 11:1+. Print.

*Note. To record Magazines or Newspapers from a webpage, follow the same format as above and change the medium from Print to Web. Page numbers may change or may not be present. 

MLA uses parenthetical, author page citations. After a quote or a paraphrased sentence, add brackets containing the author's last name and the page number. Do not include any punctuation between the author's name and the page number

Example: "Quote" (Seuss 7). 

      OR

Seuss says "quote" (7).

Each borrowed idea (sentence) needs to be cited. Do not wait until the end of the paragraph to put in your citations.


If there are two or three authors, use both authors' last name for every in-text reference.

Example: "quotation" (Booth, Colomb, and Williams 25). 

Or, you can mention the authors names in your text:

Booth, Colomb, and Williams state "quotation" (25). 


If there are four or more authors, you can choose to either add all the author's names, or add et al. after the first name 

Example: (Plag, Braun, Lappe, and Schramm 44)

OR

(Plag, et al. 44)

Be consistent in your paper; use one option or the other, do not mix the two styles.

Formatting the Works Cited page requires a 'hanging indent'. Check out the Works Cited tab on Formatting my Paper for more information.

​MLA requires the use of a “block” format for quotations longer than 4 lines of prose, or 3 lines of verse. For block format, the quotation marks are omitted and the text is set off by indenting the left margin one tab as demonstrated in the following example from page 94 of the MLA Handbook (7th ed.)

 

At the conclusion of Lord of the Flies, Ralph and the other boys realize the horror of their actions:

The tears began to flow and sobs shook him. He gave himself up to them now for

the first time on the island; great shuddering spasms of grief that seemed to

wrench his whole body. His voice rose under the black smoke before the burning

wreckage of the island; and infected by that emotion, the other little boys began

to shake and sob too. (186)

*Note that for block style quotations, the punctuation at the end of the cited passage is placed before the in-text citation.

Formatting the Works Cited page requires a 'hanging indent'. Check out the Works Cited tab on Formatting my Paper for more information.

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